BEFORE A STORM
Make sure you have an emergency kit for your car. This includes a shovel, sand, bottled water, energy bars and a blanket for your car.
For your house, keep rock salt or environmentally friendly ice melt products on hand, sufficient fuel oil, and blankets in case the power goes out. An emergency kit shall contain the following:
- One gallon of water per person for at least 3 days
- A 3 day supply of food
- Battery powered NOAA radio
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- First Aid Kit and whistle to signal for help
- Moist towelettes, garbage bags, & plastic ties for personal sanitation if needed
- Local maps, tool kit to use for utilities or any other minor repairs
- Cell phone chargers, and solar charger
Minimize travel to needs only.
Bring pets inside & shelter livestock with non-frozen drinking water.
DURING THE STORM
Stay indoors as much as possible during the storm. Travel only if it is a necessity.
Let people know your destination and route of travel if you need to drive in the storm.
Walk carefully on snowy and icy areas.
Shovel little at a time and do not load the shovel 100%. This could lead to heart attack and death.
Keep as dry as possible to prevent body heat.
Avoid frostbite, keep all extremities warm. Loss of feeling and white/pale appearance would be the first sign of frost bite.
Keep warm to avoid hypothermia – uncontrolled shivering, memory loss, slurred speech, disorientation; drowsiness and exhaustion are all signs of hypothermia.
STUCK IN YOUR VEHICLE
Stay with your car if rescue is likely and to avoid the cold, if there is a nearby location visible, no appropriate clothing for the weather or you don’t have the ability to call for help.
Go if you can see a place to call for help, you have appropriate clothing, conditions are safe or the storm has passed.
Pull off the highway as much as possible, turn on hazard lights and hang a distress flag from the car.
Remain in the car where rescuers are likely to find you.
Run the engine and heater 10 minutes, each hour to keep warm.
Exercise to maintain body heat but do not overexert yourself.
Take turns sleeping if there is more than one person, one person should always be on the lookout for rescuers.
Eat regularly and drink ample fluids to avoid dehydration.
Turn on the inside light so rescuers can see you.
Be careful to not waste the battery with the use of lights, heat and radio.
If you’re stranded in a remote area; stomp out large block letters of SOS or HELP and line with rocks/tree branches to get the attention of any rescuers by plane or helicopter.
Leave car if necessary once the storm has passed.
AFTER A STORM
How did your supplies and plans work? Do you need to change any plans or re-supply your emergency kit?
Remove snow a little at a time to avoid heart attacks.
Travel when roadways are cleared.